Uplift of the Western Transverse Ranges and Ventura Area of Southern California: A Four‐Technique Geodetic Study Combining GPS, InSAR, Leveling, and Tide Gauges

We estimate the rate of vertical land motion (VLM) in the region around the Western Transverse Ranges (WTR), Ventura, and Big Bend of the San Andreas Fault (SAF) of southern California using data from four geodetic techniques: GPS, interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR), leveling, and tide gauges. We use a new analysis technique called GPS Imaging to combine the techniques and leverage the synergy between (1) high geographic resolution of InSAR, (2) precision, stability, and geocentric reference frame of GPS, (3) decades long observation of VLM with respect to the sea surface from tide gauges, and (4) relative VLM along dense leveling lines. The uncertainty in the overall rate field is ~1 mm/yr, though some individual techniques have uncertainties as small as 0.2 mm/yr. The most rapid signals are attributable to subsidence in aquifers and groundwater changes. Uplift of the WTR is geographically continuous, adjacent to the SAF and appears related to active crustal contraction across Pacific/North America plate boundary fault system. Uplift of the WTR and San Gabriel Mountains is ~2 mm/yr and is asymmetrically focused west of the SAF, consistent with interseismic strain accumulation across thrust faults in the Ventura area and Santa Barbara channel that accommodate contraction against the near vertical SAF.


Publication Date:
Jan 01 2018
Date Submitted:
Jun 21 2019
Pagination:
836-858
Citation:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
123
1




 Record created 2019-06-21, last modified 2019-08-05

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