Enantiomer-specific positive allosteric modulation of CB$_1$ signaling in autaptic hippocampal neurons

The cannabinoid signaling system is found throughout the CNS and its involvement in several pathological processes makes it an attractive therapeutic target. Because orthosteric CB$_1$ cannabinoid receptor ligands have undesirable adverse effects there has been great interest in the development of allosteric modulators – both negative (NAMs) and positive (PAMs) – of these receptors. NAMs of CB$_1$ appeared first on the scene, followed more recently by PAMs. Because allosteric modulation can vary depending on the orthosteric ligand it is important to study their function in a system that employs endogenous cannabinoids. We have recently surveyed first generation NAMs using cultured autaptic hippocampal neurons. These neurons ex depolarization induced suppression of excitation (DSE), a form of synaptic plasticity that is mediated by CB$_1$ and 2-arachidonoyl glycerol (2-AG); they are therefore an excellent neuronal model of endogenous cannabinoid signaling in which to test CB$_1$ modulators.

Publication Date:
Nov 20 2017
Date Submitted:
Mar 02 2019
Pharmacological research
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 Record created 2019-03-02, last modified 2019-04-03

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