Large-Scale Control of the Lower Stratosphere on Variability of Tropical Cyclone Intensity

Recent studies of tropical cyclones (TC) have suggested intricate impacts of the lower stratosphere layer (LSL) on TC development at the high‐intensity limit. This study examines the potential realization of the impacts of the LSL interannual variability on TC intensity. By minimizing the effects of sea surface temperature and outflow temperature based on the potential intensity framework, partial correlation analyses show a negative correlation between the power dissipation index (PDI) for intense TCs and the tropopause height in the northwestern Pacific basin but a weaker relationship in the north Atlantic basin. Similar analyses for the LSL stratification also reveal signals of negative correlations between the LSL stratification and PDI in both basins, corroborating recent modeling studies about the impacts of the LSL on TC development. Due to the complexity of the relationships and data limitations, however, all correlations are statistically insignificant, thus rendering the impacts of LSL on TC intensity inconclusive at present.

Publication Date:
Apr 24 2017
Date Submitted:
Feb 22 2019
Geophysical Research Letters.

 Record created 2019-02-22, last modified 2020-10-27

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