Oriented Attachment is a Major Control Mechanism to Form Nail-​like Mn-​doped ZnO Nanocrystals

Here, we present a controlled synthesis of Mn-doped ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) with predominantly nail-like shapes, whose formation occurs via tip-to-base-oriented attachment of initially formed nanopyramids, followed by leveling of sharp edges that lead to smooth single-crystalline “nails”. This shape is prevalent in noncoordinating solvents such as octadecene and octadecane. Yet, the double bond in the former promotes oriented attachment. By contrast, Mn-doped ZnO NP synthesis in a weakly coordinating solvent, benzyl ether, results in dendritic structures because of random attachment of initial NPs. Mn-doped ZnO NPs possess a hexagonal wurtzite structure, and in the majority of cases, the NP surface is enriched with Mn, indicating a migration of Mn2+ ions to the NP surface during the NP formation. When the NP formation is carried out without the addition of octadecyl alcohol, which serves as a surfactant and a reaction initiator, large, concave pyramid dimers are formed whose attachment takes place via basal planes. UV–vis and photoluminescence spectra of these NPs confirm the utility of controlling the NP shape to tune electro-optical properties.

Publication Date:
Dec 06 2017
Date Submitted:
Nov 30 2018

Note: The status of this file is: public

 Record created 2018-11-30, last modified 2019-04-03

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