Relationship Between Acoustic Voice Onset and Offset and Selected Instances of Oscillatory Onset and Offset in Young Healthy Men and Women

Objective: To investigate the relationship between (1) onset of the acoustic signal and pre-phonatory phases associated with oscillatory onset and (2) offset of the acoustic signal with the post-phonatory events associated with oscillatory offset across vocally healthy adults. Subjects and Methods: High-speed videoendoscopy was captured simultaneously with the acoustic signal during repeated production of /hi.hi.hi/ at typical pitch and loudness from 56 vocally healthy adults (age 20–42 years; 21 male, 35 female). The relationship between the acoustic sound pressure signal and oscillatory onset /offset events from the glottal area waveforms (GAW), were statistically investigated using a multivariate linear regression analysis. Results: The onset of the acoustic signal (X$_{1a}$) is a significant predictor of the onset of first oscillations (X$_{1g}$) and onset of sustained oscillations (X$_{2g}$). X$_{1a}$ as well as gender are significant predictors of the first instance of medial contact (X$_{1.5g}$). The offset of the acoustic signal (X$_{2a}$) is a significant predictor of the first instance of oscillatory offset (X$_{3g}$), first instance of incomplete glottal closure (X$_{3.5g}$), and cessation of vocal fold motion (X$_{4g}$). Conclusions: The acoustic signal onset is closely related to the first medial contact of the vocal folds but the latency between these events is longer for females compared to males. The offset of the acoustic signal occurs immediately after incomplete glottal adduction. The emerging normative group latencies between the onset/offset of the acoustic and the GAW from this study appear promising for future investigations.

Publication Date:
May 01 2018
Date Submitted:
Nov 21 2018
Journal of Voice
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 Record created 2018-11-21, last modified 2019-04-03

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