Analysis of brominated and chlorinated flame retardants, organophosphate esters, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in silicone wristbands used as personal passive samplers

For the first time, we present an analytical method to simultaneously extract, fractionate, and quantify four groups of semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) in silicone wristbands, including 35 polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), 10 novel flame retardants (NFRs), 19 organophosphate esters (OPEs), and 13 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Wristbands were extracted using ultrasonication, and cleaned and fractionated on two multi-layer columns: one consisting of neutral alumina, neutral silica and Florisil, and the other consisting of neutral alumina, neutral silica, and acidic silica. Method accuracy and precision were validated using spiked wristband samples (n = 8) and procedural blanks (n = 7). Average matrix spike percent recoveries for all target analytes were within 57-107% with relative standard errors < 20%, with a few exceptions. This method was applied to analyze thirteen wristbands worn by ten participants for seven days; three participants wore two wristbands to evaluate duplicate samples. Percent recoveries of surrogate standards for all four groups of analytes in these wristbands were all within the 80-120% range with a few exceptions: recoveries for 13C12BDE-209 and for 13C12-triphenyl phosphate ranged from 35 to 62% and 69-176%, respectively. The majority of target analytes were detected in at least half of worn wristbands. The levels of total PBDEs, NFRs, OPEs and PAHs in deployed wristbands ranged from 28.4 to 412 ng, 40.7 to 625 ng, 2440 to 9580 ng, and 76.2 to 1240 ng, respectively.

Publication Date:
Mar 05 2019
Date Submitted:
Jul 01 2019
Journal of Chromatography A
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 Record created 2019-07-01, last modified 2019-07-24

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