Spatiotemporal ontogeny of brain wiring

The wiring of the brain provides the anatomical skeleton for cognition and behavior. Connections among brain regions have a diverse and characteristic strength. This strength heterogeneity is captured by the wiring cost and homophily principles. Moreover, brains have a characteristic global network topology, including modularity and short path lengths. However, the mechanisms underlying the inter-regional wiring principles and global network topology of brains are unknown. Here, we address this issue by modeling the ontogeny of brain connectomes. We demonstrate that spatially embedded and heterochronous neurogenetic gradients, without the need of axonal-guidance molecules or activity-dependent plasticity, can reconstruct the wiring principles and shape the global network topology observed in adult brain connectomes. Thus, two fundamental dimensions, that is, space and time, are key components of a plausible neurodevelopmental mechanism with a universal scope, encompassing vertebrate and invertebrate brains.

Publication Date:
Aug 05 2018
Date Submitted:
Jul 01 2019
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 Record created 2019-07-01, last modified 2019-08-06

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