Investigation of Missing Responses in Q-Matrix Validation

Missing data can be a serious issue for practitioners and researchers who are tasked with Q-matrix validation analysis in implementation of cognitive diagnostic models. The article investigates the impact of missing responses, and four common approaches (treat as incorrect, logistic regression, listwise deletion, and expectation-maximization [EM] imputation) for dealing with them, on the performance of two major Q-matrix validation methods (the EM-based δ-method and the nonparametric Q-matrix refinement method) across multiple factors. Results of the simulation study show that both validation methods perform better when missing responses are imputed using EM imputation or logistic regression instead of being treated as incorrect and using listwise deletion. The nonparametric Q-matrix validation method outperforms the EM-based δ-method in most conditions. Higher missing rates yield poorer performance of both methods. Number of attributes and items have an impact on performance of both methods as well. Results of a real data example are also discussed in the study.

Publication Date:
Nov 01 2018
Date Submitted:
Jun 28 2019
Applied Psychological Measurement
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 Record created 2019-06-28, last modified 2019-07-24

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